Rocky Mountain Section - 64th Annual Meeting (9–11 May 2012)
Paper No. 6-5
Presentation Time: 9:30 AM-9:45 AM

1100 MA RAPAKIVI GRANITES, LITTLE HATCHET MOUNTAINS, SOUTHWESTERN NEW MEXICO

MCLEMORE, Virginia T.1, HEINONEN, Aku2, RÄMÖ, O. Tapani2, ANDERSEN, Tom3, and MÄNTTÄRI, Irmeli4, (1) New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, 801 Leroy Place, Socorro, NM 87801, ginger@gis.nmt.edu, (2) Department of Geosciences and Geography, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, Helsinki, FIN-00014, Finland, (3) Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1047, Oslo, N-0316, Norway, (4) Research Laboratory, Geological Survey of Finland, P.O. Box 96, Betonimiehenkuja 4, Espoo, FIN-02151, Finland

The southern margin of Laurentia experienced prolonged and episodic convergent orogenesis, which ended at ~1100 Ma following the culmination of the Grenville orogeny. The southwestern boundary of the Laurentia continent is not well known because of small outcrop area and, locally, intense alteration. In the southern Little Hatchet Mountains, Hidalgo Co, NM, relatively unaltered outcrops of hornblende granite, rapakivi granite, and diabase form a pluton of 5 by 4 km. The diabase occurs as isolated enclaves, swarms of enclaves, and synplutonic dikes within the rapakivi granite. The coarse-grained hornblende granite, found in the southern Little Hatchet Mountains is orange to red-brown and consists of plagioclase, K-feldspar, quartz, hornblende, and rare biotite. The rapakivi biotite granite, found north of the hornblende granite is pink-gray to red-orange and medium to coarse grained and is characterized by large K-feldspar phenocrysts, many of which are mantled by plagioclase forming the rapakivi texture and has a U-Pb date of 1066 ± 8 Ma. The synplutonic diabase dikes and enclaves are dark gray, fine to medium grained, and porphyritic with dark mica, K-feldspar, and hornblende phenocrysts. The crenulate to cuspate margins of the dikes and many of the enclaves show evidence for intensive mingling with the rapakivi granite host.

The initial εc values of the Little Hatchet granites are higher (εNd +0.5 and +1.1) than the modeled evolution of country rocks or the regional Paleoproterozoic basement at 1066 Ma (εNd ~ -0.5). The granites also have significantly lower depleted mantle model ages (TDM ~1450 Ma) than the Paleoproterozoic rocks exposed at the current erosion level in southern New Mexico (TDM ~1700-1800 Ma). This suggests that the granites were generated by partial melting of a lower crustal source that was extracted from the mantle during the ~1450 Ma “anorogenic” granite event rather than during the Paleoproterozoic Mazatzal orogeny (1700-1650 Ma).

Rocky Mountain Section - 64th Annual Meeting (9–11 May 2012)
General Information for this Meeting

Handouts:

  • gsa12.pdf (6145.6KB) - Upload Presentation File (After Meeting)
Session No. 6
Paleoproterozoic Orogeny and Mesoproterozoic Enigmas: Constraints on the Formation, Assembly, and Evolution of the Precambrian Rocks in the Rockies I
Hotel Albuquerque: Alvarado A&B
8:30 AM-12:00 PM, Wednesday, 9 May 2012

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 44, No. 6, p. 9

© Copyright 2012 The Geological Society of America (GSA), all rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to the author(s) of this abstract to reproduce and distribute it freely, for noncommercial purposes. Permission is hereby granted to any individual scientist to download a single copy of this electronic file and reproduce up to 20 paper copies for noncommercial purposes advancing science and education, including classroom use, providing all reproductions include the complete content shown here, including the author information. All other forms of reproduction and/or transmittal are prohibited without written permission from GSA Copyright Permissions.