2013 GSA Annual Meeting in Denver: 125th Anniversary of GSA (27-30 October 2013)
Paper No. 288-3
Presentation Time: 1:35 PM-1:50 PM

MICROBIAL MOBILIZATION FROM URBAN SOILS TO LAKES AND PONDS

DHAR, Ratan1, CHAVEZ, Ana2, EMOFOVWAH, Oboerhiri2, GIL, Yeimy2, AREMU, Olusola2, and QUACH, Vilian3, (1) Geology and Environmental Health Science, Department of Earth and Physical Sciences, School of Arts and Sciences, York College Of CUNY, 94-20, Guy R. Brewer Blvd, Jamaica, NY 11451, rdhar@york.cuny.edu, (2) Earth and Physical Sciences, York College of CUNY, 94-20 Guy R. Brewer Blvd, Jamaica, NY 11451, (3) John Bowne High School, 63-25 MAIN STREET, Queens, NY 11367

Anthropogenic activities cause an increase of organic materials and nutrients and this poses a serious threat in urban environments. The densities of fecal indicator bacteria (FIBs) in the urban area exhibit a clear land-use dependency in the natural water and are often linked with nutrient inputs. Data from preliminary investigation indicated elevated FIBs in soil and water of a NYC lake even in the winter. Very few studies on mobilization of FIBs in natural water from surrounding soils were reported in NYC area. In an attempt to study temporal and spatial bio-geochemical dynamics of both fresh water environment, the study was done in two fresh water lakes (Corona Meadow Lake; N 40o 44′ 19″, W 73o 50′ 46″ and Oakland Lake; N 40° 45' 31", W -73° 45' 33") and in two fresh water ponds (Baisley Pond; N 40o 40′ 58″, W 73o 47′ 10” and Bowne Pond; N 40° 46' 14", W 73° 48' 25") that vary in terms of recreational activities and different environmental settings. Soon we would also like to expand this study into the brackish water environment by going to Jamaica Bay in Jamaica, Queens. This study focused on environmental research to improve understanding of FIBs transport processes in the environmental system which is a critical aspect of decision-making in risk assessment, and remediation strategies. Results from Meadow Lake were found to dramatically exceed the EPA permissible limit for FIBs with the counts of 1.01 x 108 , 5.01 x 105, and 2.30 x 105 MPN/100mL for total coliform, E. coli and Enterococci respectively. Microbial counts in soils were at a very wide range from non-detectable to 4.04 x 105, counts/Kg wet sample for total coliform. E. coli was detected at a range of non-detectable to 1.44 x 105, and for Enterococci there was a range of non-detectable to1.7 x 104. The physical properties of water including temperature, conductivity, salinity and pH varied in the lakes/ponds with a wide range of (21-31oC), (101-4500 µS/cm), (0.04-5.7ppt) and (6.50-8.51) for temperature, conductivity, salinity and pH respectively. The study will be continued to identify the primary sources of this contamination and its variation, if there are any. The fate of microbes in the surrounding soils will be studied in the context of seasonal variation in water and soils of the fresh and brackish water environment.

2013 GSA Annual Meeting in Denver: 125th Anniversary of GSA (27-30 October 2013)
General Information for this Meeting
Session No. 288
Urban Geochemistry
Colorado Convention Center: Room 503
1:00 PM-5:00 PM, Tuesday, 29 October 2013


© Copyright 2013 The Geological Society of America (GSA), all rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to the author(s) of this abstract to reproduce and distribute it freely, for noncommercial purposes. Permission is hereby granted to any individual scientist to download a single copy of this electronic file and reproduce up to 20 paper copies for noncommercial purposes advancing science and education, including classroom use, providing all reproductions include the complete content shown here, including the author information. All other forms of reproduction and/or transmittal are prohibited without written permission from GSA Copyright Permissions.