Paper No. 1
Presentation Time: 8:00 AM


SOKOLOVA, Elena1, CÁMARA, Fernando2, HAWTHORNE, Frank1 and KHOMYAKOV, Alexander3, (1)Geological Sciences, University of Manitoba, 125 Dysart Road, 240 Wallace Bldg, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada, (2)Dip. Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Torino, Torino, I-10125, Italy, (3)(deceased), Institute of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Crystal Chemistry of Rare Elements, Moscow, 121357, Russia,

Kolskyite, ideally (Ca◊)Na2Ti4(Si2O7)2O4(H2O)7 (◊=vacancy), is a new mineral discovered in the Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia (IMA2013-005). Kolskyite is a new TS-block mineral (TS = titanium silicate) (Sokolova, 2006). The TS block consists of HOH sheets where H = heteropolyhedral and O = octahedral, and it is the main structural unit in the TS-block structures. There are four Groups of TS-block structures where Ti equals 1, 2, 3 and 4 apfu. The crystal structure of kolskyite belongs to Group IV where Ti = 4 apfu, a = 5.387(1), b = 7.091(1), c = 15.473(3) Å, α = 96.580(4), β = 93.948(4), γ = 89.818(4)o, V = 585.8(3) Å3, space group P-1 , Z = 1, and is a combination of TS and I (intermediate) blocks. In the crystal structure of kolskyite, TS and I blocks have following compositions: Na2Ti4(Si2O7)2O4(H2O)2 and [(Ca◊)(H2O)5], respectively.

The discovery of kolskyite is extremely important for us as it proves that we can predict crystal structures of TS-block minerals: the crystal structure of kolskyite was predicted by Sokolova & Cámara (2010). Sokolova & Cámara (2010) defined two types of TS-block structures: basic and derivative structures. A basic structure has only one type of TS block and only one type of I block; in a derivative structure, there is more than one type of TS block and there is more than one type of I block. A derivative structure is related to a number of basic structures of the same group. Hence we can predict a derivative structure as a combination of structural fragments of basic structures. Using inverse prediction, the basiccrystal structure of kolskyite was predicted as a component of known derivative structures.


Sokolova, E. (2006) From structure topology to chemical composition: I. Structural hierarchy and stereochemistry in titanium disilicate minerals. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 1273-1330.

Sokolova, E. & Cámara, F. (2010) From chemical composition to structure topology in Ti silicates. 20th General Meeting of the International Mineralogical Association, Abstracts, Budapest, Hungary.