A NEW APPROACH FOR OUTCROP CHARACTERIZATION AND GEOSTATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF MEANDERING SANDBODIES WITHIN A DELTA PLAIN SETTING USING DIGITAL OUTCROP MODELS: UPPER TRIASSIC YANCHANG TIGHT SANDSTONE FORMATION, YANHE OUTCROP, ORDOS BASIN IN CHINA
We used the DOM to measure and precisely describe the distribution characteristics of channel sands of the meandering river delta plain in the Ordos Basin. The DOM shows: (1) Tanjiahe section channel forms; these sandstone bodies form elongate lenses with a flat upper surface, a width of 192 m and a maximum thickness of about 14 m with the biggest channel body sand. The rocks in the surrounding reservior are cut by sandbodies of different periods channel. Four stages of deposition are identified within the sandstone bodies indicating a complex positive rhythm. (2) Branch channels to the meandering river are isolated on the delta plain. These sandstone bodies show lateral migration and vertical stackin multi-period superimposed channels of g which is accurately described in the 3D DOM. The horizontal width of the multi-period superimposed channels of the sandstone bodies are 192.4 m, 32.54 m, 41.83 m and 79.97 m, thickness are 14 m, 4.52 m, 3.85 m and 5.66 m giving a width to thickness ratio of 12:1. (3) Through analysis of typical reservoir performance of the sand bodies encountered, reservoir properties can be assigned to different parts of the DOM. The delta plain branch channel sandstones are classified as poor quality. In the main channel sands the highest quality reservoir would be found in the lower part of the channel which then decreases upward. The lowest quality reservoir is found in the two channel wings. Reservoir quality is best at the thickest part of the sandstone body in every period channel where it achieves a porosity of 8% and a permeability of 0.13 mD.
Building of a DOM integrated with geo-data is an effective method to quantitatively analyse outcrop analogues including the 3D spatial characteristics of potential reservoir elements which can be acquired accurately.