Paper No. 3
Presentation Time: 8:40 AM


LIN, Shoufa, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada, ZHANG, Jian, Earth System Science Programme, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, LINNEN, Robert l., Department of Earth Sciences, University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 5B7, Canada and MARTIN, Ryan, AuRico Gold Inc, Matachewan, ON P0K1M0, Canada,

Young-Davidson and Hemlo gold deposits occur in the Abitibi-Wawa Subprovince of the Superior Province. The Young-Davidson deposit is an intrusion-related lode-gold deposit that at least in part is structurally controlled. It is associated with the development of the Cadillac – Larder Lake deformation zone and hosted in a syenite of ~2679 Ma. Three main generations of veins are identified in the syenite: V1 quartz-ankerite veins, V2 quartz-pyrite veinlets and V3 quartz-carbonate veins. The major phase of gold mineralization is associated with V2 veins. Gold mineralization and vein emplacement appear to have occurred during shearing and the syenite acted as a mechanical trap due to competency contrast.

The Hemlo deposit is a disseminated and replacement style gold deposit that is spatially associated with a stratigraphic contact. The protolith is mainly a fragmental rock and a barite horizon occurring at the contact. The contact and the fragmental rock at the contact probably served as mechanical traps and the barite horizon as a chemical trap. The deposit is located in the Hemlo shear zone and mineralization occurred during shearing, before mid-amphibolite-facies peak metamorphism. Mineralization was occurring at ~2677 Ma and most likely had started earlier. Mineralizing fluids probably had a magmatic source, interpreted to be related to the 2682–2677 Ma granodioritic (sanukitoid) plutons abundant in the vicinity.

In spite of the obvious differences, the two deposits share many similarities. Both are genetically related to shear zones and late mantle-derived intrusions that are of similar ages, and the associated shear zones have similar kinematic history and probably have similar ages. The two deposits appear to share a common tectonic origin and their different characteristics may be due to variation in local geological settings. In particular, we suggest that the gold deposits, the intrusions and the hosting shear zones all developed within a regime characterized by synchronous vertical and horizontal tectonism at the late stages of Archean cratonization. They were all possibly linked to a range of processes associated with the accretionary growth and stabilization of the craton, in particular slab break-off and the associated extensional orogenic collapse following terrane accretion.