AUTOMATED, INTERACTIVE MAPPING OF GROUNDWATER HEADS AS AN AID IN WATER MANAGEMENT
When a water manager specifies the desired area, aquifer and date, surrounding groundwater heads are automatically selected from the database and interpolated in time to one single date. Spatial interpolation of groundwater heads can be done in several ways. A deterministic groundwater model is well equipped to present the large scale variation, but it tends to be smooth and might underestimate local extremes at particular dates. Moreover, for online use of a dynamic model driving forces (like precipitation) should also be available online and the response time is likely to be too long. Geostatistical interpolation doesn’t require external information, but due to the large scale pattern in groundwater head often statistical stationarity (intrinsic hypothesis) is not met and the uncertainty of the interpolation might be relatively large. Therefore we choose to use the existing steady state solution of the Dutch National Hydrological model (NHI) as reference and interpolate the residuals at a particular date using Kriging interpolation. Residual Kriging is not new, but the use of the steady state solution of the NHI as reference surface and the link with the national database DINO allows a fully automatic procedure which produces an adequate groundwater head surface within an acceptable response time. With this procedure deviations from the average head and unexpected spatial outliers at any date can be examined in a few seconds.