REACTIVATION OF TERRANE SUTURE DURING LATERAL SPREADING – ANALOGUE EXPERIMENTS OF SVECOFENNIAN OROGENY
We have used analogue centrifuge modeling to simulate lateral spreading of thickened crust comprising two rheologically different blocks: warm (P) and cold (A). The experiments were made with a large centrifuge in the Hans Ramberg Tectonic Laboratory at Uppsala University. The composition of the individual layer materials were chosen to reflect temperature effect on rheological properties of the different blocks. Both blocks had three layers representing upper brittle, middle ductile, and lower more viscous (than the middle layer) layers. The models were 3 cm thick replicas of 60 km thick crust mimicking a paleosuture within thick Svecofennian crust after FIRE deep seismic reflection lines.
The boundary between A and P block rotates during the experiments. Rotation is most notable in the middle layer. Our results suggest that crustal-scale preexisted structures may have larger effect on the block boundary conditions than the amount of stretching. In general, the block boundaries of the models that do not have any pre-existing cuts rotate more than those that do have preexisting cuts. Furthermore, fracturing concentrates more likely above block boundaries if preexisted cuts are present. If there were no inherited structures on blocks, then the initial steeply dipping block boundaries turn into shallow listric faults towards the end of the experiment, whereas if there were preexisting cuts, then the boundaries rotate only little.