A NEW APPLICATION OF THE URBAN LAND TELECONNECTIONS CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR IDENTIFYING LINKAGES BETWEEN WATER DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS AND URBANIZATION IN ETHIOPIA
Using Ethiopia as an example, this study tested a novel application of the conceptual framework known as Urban Land Teleconnections for understanding the complex and unexpected linkages between water development projects, urbanization, and land use change. The Teleconnections framework is appropriate and necessary because it links urban and nonurban places through their processes. This enables the consideration of demographic, economic, and natural drivers—all of which are essential to water and international development. The study showed that water development projects in Ethiopia are often driven by—and drivers of— urbanization and land change, and that these linkages are multi-faceted, bi-directional, and exist at the local, regional, and global scales. Furthermore, it offers the Teleconnections model as a tool for those working in the development sector, with the assumption that being able to conceptualize the complexity of the networks they operate in and create will help facilitate holistic and sustainable project planning.