SPATIAL VARIABILITY OF LEAD IN URBAN SOILS AND CORRELATIONS WITH DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS IN TERRE HAUTE, INDIANA
Our goal is to better understand the modern-day spatial distribution of Pb in surface soils across the city of Terre Haute. To achieve this goal, surface soil samples were collected across the city. New data has been collected from city-owned properties (i.e. parks, cemeteries, and abandoned lots), Indiana State University land holdings within the city, residential properties, and community gardens. Data collected from residential areas includes samples near the road, from beneath the gutter dripline of the house, in the backyard, in the garden, and other areas of importance to the homeowner. Samples were analyzed via hand held XRF on site to provide the homeowner with immediate feedback and with the ultimate goal of increasing the use of safer urban gardening practices. All samples were processed and analyzed with the ICP-OES to verify the field results. Preliminary results produced a wide range of Pb concentrations, from <5 ppm to >10,000 ppm for the residential areas. Once data acquisition is complete, the spatial distribution of Pb will be determined using multiple-indicator kriging, and the results will be compared with demographic and geographic characteristics.