GEOARCHAEOLOGY FROM THE SKY: APPLICATIONS OF REMOTE SENSING TO GEOARCHAEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS
The 21st century brings a host of new queries for the imagery beyond those of planning and prospecting. Researchers now produce nuanced interpretations of the behavior of soil and vegetation on and around archaeological sites, investigations into the ancient land surface, and increasingly detailed models of relationships between humans and the natural landscape. While much of this relies on advances in spatial analysis software, remotely sensed imagery helps to tie the tangible landscape into lab-based analyses. Increase in violent conflicts in the Middle East also highlights the relevance of remotely sensed imagery to the maintenance of active projects in this and other areas of the world made inaccessible through warfare. Remote sensing has become a tool of necessity to many geoarchaeologists, and future developments in technology ensure its future use in the discipline.