EVIDENCE-BASED EARTH SCIENCE CURRICULUM FOR PRE-SERVICE ELEMENTARY TEACHERS
All lessons use experimentation and discovery to develop evidence-based models to explain the observations. Each lesson has a consistent structure including: initial ideas, interpretation of observed evidence, and group discussion of summarizing questions to reach a consensus. A Geologic Time lesson uses sand models to discover the relative-age dating principles of superposition and original horizontality. Combined with a hands-on lesson on radioactive decay and half-life, students are able to synthesize a realistic geologic history of the Grand Canyon. Pre-service teachers learn in the same method in which they should teach – learning facts by discovery and development of evidence-based models. Teachers completing the program report increased interest and confidence in teaching earth sciences.