ANALYZING A COMET IMPACT AND ITS EFFECTS USING GOOGLE MAPS AND GOOGLE EARTH
Comet borne materials have already been recovered by the International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP). In the late 1990s the IODP recovered core samples from depost mound sites interior and exterior to the impact crescent. We analyize the recovered materials’ photographs, magnetic susceptibility, and gamma counts from these cores and show that those interior to the impact crescent are very different from other IODP cores obtained from sites exterior to the impact crescent. Furthermore, we analyze core descriptions in the impact region from non-IODP organizations, and we found that minerals identified in these non-IODP cores within the impact crescent, as well as from cores situated within the debris field to its north, are consistent with those identified in Tempel 1 by the NASA Deep Impact mission. These minerals include olivine, spinel, carbonates, and iron-bearing compounds. We also find that manganese is an element common to most core descriptions in the comet impact region and therefore should be considered an important component of materials comprising the comet that struck in the Southern Ocean if not others. In addition, the similarity in materials comprising Tempel 1 to materials recovered from the comet impact region, coupled with Tempel 1’s orbit and the fact that comets are known to fragment, suggest that Tempel 1 could be a remnant of the comet that impacted the Southern Ocean.
We will estimate when the impact occurred and suggest other effects.