GAMBLING WITH AUSTRALIAN BRACHIOPODS
Using the Australian record of Permian brachiopods, I analyzed the effect of factors such as such as substrate and habitat preference, body size, and biogeographic occupancy on taxonomic durations in a parametric survival analytical framework. Substrate and habitat preference measured as the probability of occurrence in a given category while occupancy was estimated using a biogeographic network approach where modules are determined by taxon-locality association. This particular fossil sequence was chosen because it represents a relatively complete and well-worked sequence. During the Permian the east coast of Australia faced the Panthalassic Ocean and may have represented a partially isolated biogeographic province. This allows for the estimation of specific selective differences associated with the regional, as opposed to global, environment (sensu Simpson). In addition to biogeographic occupancy, the inclusion of factors unique to the different taxa greatly improves the model of taxon duration. This implies that extinction is brachiopods does not completely follow a Field of Bullets mode, but is instead at least partially selective with respect to biology.