THE ROLE OF SOLAR FORCING ON PALEOECOLOGICAL CHANGES IN CALCAREOUS NANNOFOSSIL ASSEMBLAGES IN THE EARLY MIOCENE
Time-series analyses on nine proxy-datasets using REDFIT-analysis and Wavelet spectra resolved a possible cyclic nature of these variations. A best-fit adjustment of the likely sedimentation rates resulted in periodicities fitting well with the Lower (~65 yr) and Upper (~113 yr) Gleissberg cycle as well as the Suess/de Vries (~211 yr) cycle, resulting in an estimated sedimentation rate of 575 mm kyr−1 with ~1190 yrs covered by the section. Different proxies for precipitation, upwelling intensity, and overall productivity were controlled by different cyclicities. Accepting these hypotheses, precipitation was driven by the two Gleissberg cycles, while upwelling was driven by the Suess cycle. Furthermore, proxies for primary productivity were influenced by both cycles, although the Suess cycle exerts dominant control, reflecting a stronger influence of upwelling on primary productivity. This hints at a close relationship between climate variability and solar forcing during the Late Burdigalian.