2014 GSA Annual Meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia (19–22 October 2014)

Session No. 287
Wednesday, 22 October 2014: 8:00 AM-12:00 PM
215/216 (Vancouver Convention Centre-West)

T193. Speleothem Records of Climate Change in North America

Geochemical Society
Jessica L. Oster and Isabel P. Montañez, Advocates
Paper #
Start Time
8:00 AM
GREAT BASIN CLIMATE SINCE THE YOUNGER DRYAS
LACHNIET, Matthew S.1, ASMEROM, Yemane2, POLYAK, Victor J.2 and DENNISTON, Rhawn3, (1)Department of Geoscience, University of Nevada Las Vegas, 4505 S. Maryland Parkway, Box 454010, Las Vegas, NV 89154-4010, (2)Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of New Mexico, 221 Yale Blvd, Northrop Hall, Albuquerque, NM 87131, (3)Geology, Cornell College, 600 1st St West, Mt Vernon, IA 52314, matthew.lachniet@unlv.edu
8:15 AM
SPELEOTHEM RECORDS OF GREAT BASIN HYDROCLIMATE DURING THE LAST TWO GLACIAL TERMINATIONS AND INTERGLACIALS
MCGEE, David, Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, MIT, 45 Carleton St, E25-625, Cambridge, MA 02142, CROSS, Mellissa, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, STEPONAITIS, Elena, Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, MIT, Cambridge, MA 02142 and QUADE, Jay, Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, davidmcg@mit.edu
8:30 AM
A MULTI-PROXY RECORD OF  OCEAN-ATMOSPHERE DYNAMICS AND LOCAL WATER BALANCE SINCE 854 AD FROM A SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA SPELEOTHEM
JOHNSON, Kathleen R., Dept. of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, 3206 Croul Hall, Irvine, CA 92697-3100, MCCABE-GLYNN, Staryl, Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, 3206 Croul Hall, Irvine, CA 92697, CHENG, Hai, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Minnesota, 310 Pillsbury Dr. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 and EDWARDS, Lawrence, Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Minnesota, 310 Pillsbury Dr. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, kathleen.johnson@uci.edu
8:45 AM
ASSESSING THE INFLUENCE OF EXTREME PRECIPITATION EVENTS ON THE ISOTOPIC VALUES OF DRIP WATER FROM A SOUTHERN SIERRA NEVADA CAVE
MCCABE-GLYNN, Staryl, Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, 3206 Croul Hall, Irvine, CA 92697 and JOHNSON, Kathleen R., Dept. of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, 3206 Croul Hall, Irvine, CA 92697-3100, mccabegs@uci.edu
9:00 AM
COASTAL CALIFORNIA CLIMATE RESPONSE TO THE 8.2 KYR EVENT: A HIGH-RESOLUTION, MULTI-PROXY SPELEOTHEM STUDY
COVEY, Aaron K., Dept. of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Vanderbilt University, 2301 Vanderbilt Place, PMB 351805, Nashville, TN 37235, OSTER, Jessica L., Earth and Environmental Science Department, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240 and SHARP, Warren D., Berkeley Geoochronology Center, 2455 Ridge Road, Berkeley, CA 94709, a.covey@vanderbilt.edu
9:15 AM
CONSTRAINING THE ONSET OF A RAPID DEGLACIAL CLIMATE CHANGE EVENT IN THE SW US THROUGH HIGH RESOLUTION SPELEOTHEM IMAGING AND ISOTOPIC ANALYSES
MILLER, Nathan1, BANNER, Jay1, FENG, Weimin2, GONZALES, Angelique3, KOZDON, Reinhard4 and VALLEY, John4, (1)Jackson School of Geosciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, (2)Department of Physics, Astronomy and Geosciences, Valdosta State University, Valdosta, GA 31698, (3)Department of Geology, Cornell College, Mount Vernon, IA 52314, (4)Department of Geoscience, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, nrmiller@jsg.utexas.edu
9:30 AM
TRACKING REGIONAL AND GLOBAL TELECONNECTIONS RECORDED BY NORTH AMERICAN SPELEOTHEM RECORDS
OSTER, Jessica L., Earth and Environmental Science Department, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240, KELLEY, Neil P., Department of Paleobiology, Smithsonian Institution - National Museum of Natural History, 10th & Constitution NW, Washington, DC 20013 and MONTANEZ, Isabel, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Univ of California, Davis, CA 95616, jessica.l.oster@vanderbilt.edu
9:45 AM
CONTRASTS IN RAINFALL AND VEGETATION BETWEEN THE HOLOCENE AND LAST INTERGLACIAL IN THE NORTH AMERICAN MIDCONTINENT
DORALE, Jeffrey A., Dept. of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Iowa, 121 Trowbridge Hall, Iowa City, IA 52242-1379, jeffrey-dorale@uiowa.edu
10:00 AM
HIGH-RESOLUTION REPLICATED RECORDS OF MID-TO-LATE HOLOCENE HYDROCLIMATE VARIABILITY FROM STALAGMITES AT DESOTO CAVERNS (ALABAMA, USA)
DHUNGANA, Rajesh, Geological Sciences, University of Alabama, 2003 Bevill Building, 7th Avenue P.O. Box 870338, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0338 and AHARON, Paul, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Alabama, 2003 Bevill Building, 7th Avenue P.O. Box 870338, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0338, dhungana.rajesh@gmail.com
10:15 AM
SPELEOTHEM EVIDENCE OF HIGH-LATITUDE TELECONNECTION TO NORTHERN GULF OF MEXICO CLIMATE DYNAMICS DURING THE LAST 3,200 YEARS
TREMAINE, Darrel M., Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Science, Florida State University, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee, FL 32310 and MEANS, Harley, Florida Geological Survey, Tallahassee, FL 32304, guy.means@dep.state.fl.us
10:30 AM
SPELEOTHEM STRONTIUM CONCENTRATIONS IN EOGENETIC CARBONATES
RIDLEN, Nicole M., Vanderbilt University, PO Box 116, Mississippi State, MS 39762, POLK, Jason, Center for Human-GeoEnvironmental Studies, 1906 College Heights Blvd. #31066, Bowling Green, KY 42101 and MYLROIE, John E., Department of Geosciences, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762-5448, nicole.m.ridlen@vanderbilt.edu
10:45 AM
HETEROGENEITY IN TRACE ELEMENT INCORPORATION AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF µ-XRF SPECTROMETRY CALIBRATION FOR LOW-SR SPELEOTHEMS
BUCKLES, Jessica1, ROWE, Harry2 and GAO, Yongli1, (1)Geological Sciences, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78249, (2)Bureau of Economic Geology, The University of Texas at Austin, The Jackson School of Geoscience, University Station, Box X, Austin, TX 78713-8924, jessica.buckles@utsa.edu
11:00 AM
RESPONSE TO (91 - 45 KA) CLIMATE CHANGE IN A SPELEOTHEM FROM SOUTHEAST TENNESSEE, USA 
DAVIES, Gareth J.1, VAN BEYNEN, Philip2, FORD, Derek C.3 and SCHWARCZ, Henry P.3, (1)Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, DOE Oversight Office, 761 Emory Valley Road, Oak Ridge, TN 37830, (2)Geography, Environment, and Planning, University of South Florida, 4202 East Fowler Ave, Tampa, FL 33620, (3)School of Geography and Earth Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada, gareth.davies@tn.gov
11:15 AM
LATE PLEISTOCENE TO EARLY HOLOCENE CLIMATE VARIABILITY FROM A HIGH-RESOLUTION SPELEOTHEM RECORD IN THE SOUTHEASTERN APPALACHIAN REGION
GAO, Yongli1, ROWE, Harry2, BUCKLES, Jessica1, CHENG, Hai3 and EDWARDS, R. Lawrence3, (1)Geological Sciences, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78249, (2)Bureau of Economic Geology, The University of Texas at Austin, The Jackson School of Geoscience, University Station, Box X, Austin, TX 78713-8924, (3)Department of Earth Sciences, University of Minnesota, 310 Pillsbury Dr. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, yongli.gao@utsa.edu
11:30 AM
EARLIER ONSET OF “4.2 KA EVENT” IN THE EASTERN U.S. IS POSSIBLE AT 4.5 KA: MIDDLE HOLOCENE MEGA-DROUGHTS IDENTIFIED USING STABLE ISOTOPES AND MICROMORPHOLOGY OF SPELEOTHEMS AND δ13C OF FLOODPLAIN SOM
LI, Zheng-Hua, Earth and Environmental Sciences Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1663, MS J535, Los Alamos, NM 87545, DRIESE, Steven G., Terrestrial Paleoclimatology Research Group, Dept. of Geology, Baylor University, One Bear Place #97354, Waco, TX 76798-7354, STINCHCOMB, Gary E., Watershed Studies Institute, Dept. of Geosciences, Murray State University, 334 Blackburn Hall, Murray, KY 42071, KOCIS, James J., Department of Geosciences, University of Massachusetts, Morrill Sciences Center, Amherst, MA 01003, HORN, Sally P., Department of Geography, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-0925, BUCKLES, Jessica, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Texas at Arlington, 412 S. Cooper St. Apt 17, Arlington, TX 76013, ROWE, Harry, Bureau of Economic Geology, The University of Texas at Austin, The Jackson School of Geoscience, University Station, Box X, Austin, TX 78713-8924 and CHENG, Hai, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Minnesota, 310 Pillsbury Dr. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, Steven_Driese@baylor.edu
11:45 AM
EVIDENCE FOR THE YOUNGER DRYAS AND DANSGAARD-OESCHGER EVENTS FROM STALAGMITES IN THE MID-ATLANTIC REGION OF THE EASTERN UNITED STATES
HARDT, Benjamin F.1, DOCTOR, Daniel H.1, GAO, Yongli2, MIN, Angela3, CHENG, Hai3 and EDWARDS, R. Lawrence3, (1)U.S. Geological Survey, 12201 Sunrise Valley Drive, MS 926A, Reston, VA 20192, (2)Geological Sciences, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78249, (3)Department of Earth Sciences, University of Minnesota, 310 Pillsbury Dr. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, dhdoctor@usgs.gov
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