CONSTRAINING MULTI-STAGE EXPOSURE-BURIAL SCENARIOS FOR BOULDERS PRESERVED BENEATH COLD-BASED ICE IN THULE, NORTHWEST GREENLAND
To study the exposure and burial history of boulders from Thule, northwest Greenland, we analyzed the cosmogenic radionuclides 10Be and 26Al in 28 samples. We employed numerical models of exposure and burial to constrain the chronology of glaciation and Monte Carlo simulations to quantify the uncertainties associated with these models. We investigate three cases that can arise with paired nuclide data: (1) exposure ages coeval with deglaciation and 26Al/10Be ratios consistent with constant exposure; (2) exposure ages pre-dating deglaciation and 26Al/10Be ratios consistent with burial; and (3) exposure ages pre-dating deglaciation and 26Al/10Be ratios consistent with constant exposure.
Although several glacially transported boulders in Thule have simple exposure ages coincident with deglaciation, most have longer, more complex histories. Modeled minimum limiting exposure durations range up to 96 ky and modeled minimum limiting burial durations range up to 627 ky. Monte Carlo simulations show that uncertainties are smaller for modeled exposure duration (average 7%) than modeled burial duration (average 37%). The boulders we sampled were likely recycled through different generations of till over multiple glacial/interglacial cycles, experiencing partial or complete shielding during interglacial periods due to rotation or shallow burial by sediments. Forward models suggest that boulders with old exposure ages and 26Al/10Be ratios consistent with constant exposure were likely exposed during both marine isotope stages 5e and 1, but the duration of intervening burial was not sufficient to cause a detectable change in 26Al/10Be ratio. Boulders with old exposure ages and 26Al/10Be ratios consistent with burial preserve longer histories, some extending back to the mid-Quaternary.