CYTOTOXICITY ASSESSMENT OF HIGH-NITROGEN COMPOUNDS USING A NOVEL IN VITRO MULTI-CELLULAR APPROACH
The goal of this research is to develop an efficient in vitro tool capable of assessing the toxicity of high-N compounds as they are being developed. The Integrated discrete Multiple Organ Co-Culture (IdMOC) system addresses these limitations by permitting the co-culture of up to 6 discrete organ cell types (in this research: kidney, liver, lung, heart and vascular endothelium); demonstrating cell-specific toxicity of parent compounds in a population of cells found within an organ system, as well as cell-specific toxicity due to metabolites generated by other cells. The cell lines were chosen in order to allow for broad representation of organ systems to maximize coverage toxicity screening. While the IdMOC system in this research was developed to increase the efficacy of toxicity assessment of high-N compounds, the system offers the potential to assess the toxicity of a large scale of soil, air and water contaminants, natural or industrial; and a better understanding of the impact of these contaminants on human health.