LARGE DINOSAUR BONEBED DEPOSITED AS DEBRIS FLOW: LANCE FORMATION NIOBRARA COUNTY, WYOMING
The bonebed contains disarticulated skeletal remains of Edmontosaurus annectens including Edmontosaurus skull bones as well as postcranial elements, and teeth of scavengers such as Tyrannosaurus rex, Troodon, Dromaeosaurus, and Nanotyrannus. The bones are in the form of a matrix supported, normally graded, one meter thick bed. The bed contains a matrix of silty claystone bounded on top by a flat lying fine-grained sandstone and on the bottom by a sandstone that transitions laterally into mudstone. The quarry, as currently exposed, covers an area of 50,000 square meters.
The normally graded nature of the bonebed gives evidence that the bones and matrix were deposited as a subaqueous debris flow, thus representing a single sedimentation event for the estimated 500 or more dinosaurs.
Committee, W. G. A. T. S. (1965). Geologic History of Powder River Basin. Aapg Bulletin, 49(11), 1893-1907.