A LEAKY TRANSFORM IN SOUTHERN ICELAND? OIB-LIKE MAGMA ON THE REYKJANES PENINSULA
Whole rock major and trace elements and Sr, Nd, and Pb isotope ratios are presented for a suite of vertically co-located lava and tephra samples that span at least two interglacial periods. The data span most of the range of reported mafic compositions in Iceland, ranging from more primitive compositions in parts of the Holocene plumbing system to slightly more evolved compositions in the buried tephras from the previous interglacial period (47.3-49.5 wt% SiO2 and 1.22-2.36 wt% TiO2, Mg# of 47-61). Major elements plotted against Mg# display linear trends, as do most trace element ratios. The linear relationships of these volcanics suggest that these magmas have a common, long-lived source that evolves by similar processes through time.
Icelandic magmas can be broadly characterized by the relative contributions of OIB-like and MORB-like components. Trace element ratios including Sr/Nd, Zr/Y and Nb/Y show that the Thríhnúkar volcanics have more of an OIB-like component relative to other lavas to the west on the RP and a greater affinity to lavas in the EVZ, closer to the Icelandic plume. This is also reflected in the 143Nd/144Nd and 206Pb/204Pb ratios. These results suggest that the RP acts as a 'leaky transform' erupting magmas derived largely from the Icelandic plume rather than a depleted MORB-like mantle.