ACCOUNTING FOR THE SIGNOR-LIPPS EFFECT IN ESTIMATING THE DURATION AND NUMBER OF PULSES IN THE CAMBRIAN EXPLOSION
We used a revised a dataset of fossil occurrences of 166 genera of small shelly fossils from Mongolia, Siberia, and China, dating from the earliest part of the Cambrian (Nemakit-Daldynian and Tommotian, or Terreneuvian). To estimate the duration of the origination event, we calculate a confidence interval for the time span between the true first and last originations, both of which are likely to be underestimated in the fossil record. The confidence interval is constructed by inverting a hypothesis test for whether a given duration is consistent with the observed fossil occurrences. To estimate the number of pulses, we take a classification-based approach using a k-Nearest Neighbor (kNN) classifier. This classifier takes as its input a vector of AIC and BIC weights, which are based on the likelihood of each possible number of pulses given the observed fossil occurrences. Both of these methods are based on methods originally developed for mass extinctions, but modified so that uniform recovery potential is not assumed.