PRECAMBRIAN GEOLOGY OF THE GRENVILLE OROGEN IN EASTERN ONTARIO FROM AEROMAGNETIC AND COMPILED GEOLOGICAL DATA
We present a new 100 000 scale geological compilation map for the Precambrian geology of eastern Ontario utilizing the detailed aeromagnetic data and existing geological data. This is possible as the Paleozoic strata are magnetically transparent, especially where thin (<400m thick). The geology polygons on the map are underlain by a greyscale shaded-relief image of the first vertical derivative of the aeromagnetic survey in order to illustrate the geophysical expression of the geological units. Sun angle is from the northwest (315°) with an elevation of 45°. Paleozoic rock units are not indicated directly on the map, although the Precambrian–Paleozoic unconformity is shown. Marginal notes and a table summarizing the tectonic history of the area are also provided. Two main lithotectonic subdivisions of the Central Metasedimentary Belt are present, with Highway 7 approximately coincident with the boundary between the 2 subdivisions. To the south and southeast are medium-pressure granulite-facies rocks of the Frontenac terrane, whereas to the north and northeast are upper greenschist- to lower amphibolite-facies rocks of the Sharbot Lake domain. They are separated by the Maberly shear zone that formed at circa1160 Ma.
Highlights include 1) the Maberly shear zone is not readily evident, but a 10 to 20 km zone in Frontenac terrane immediately to the south characterized by strong linear magnetic trends is likely a high strain zone in the hanging wall of the Maberly shear zone; 2) few faults and lineaments identified in the basement propagate into the overlying Paleozoic strata; 3) several large mafic dikes are present beneath the Paleozoic; and 4) 2 possible Monteregian (Mesozoic) intrusions occur near the Ontario-Quebec border.