THE LAUDERBACK RIDGE FAULT BEND FOLD AT GREEN GAP, WHITEOAK MOUNTAIN, TENNESSEE
The LR has a short lateral extent on a map view. It lies north of Grindstone, Tennessee. At Grindstone, Pennsylvanian rocks are preserved on the southeast side of Whiteoak Ridge. At Green Gap, the strata within the LR dip very steeply and young to the northwest. A gentler fault bend fold above a sliver of fault northwest of the LR is also viewable at Green Gap. Great pressure was likely applied in forming the steep limb of the LR at Green Gap, which displays a complex variety of folds and faults. Layers of sandstone and limestone interbedded with shale are buckled, and the axes of folds verge in different directions. Some strata are fractured and faulted in synthetic or antithetic directions and hanging wall blocks either moved up or down in contraction or extensional settings. This buckling has thickened the Silurian Rockwood Formation by about 20 % at the LR compared to that at whiteoak Ridge (Wilson, 1986). Previous workers further described the structure at Green Gap as synclinorium by combing the NW dipping limb at LR with the SE dipping strata at Whiteoak Ridge.