COUPLED TEMPERATURE AND GEOCHEMICAL MONITORING IN THE BALL STATE UNIVERSITY DISTRICT-SCALE, GROUND-SOURCE GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMP
What happens to groundwater geochemistry during sustained geothermal loading? We seek to answer this question through strategic monitoring of field chemistry, principle ions, and stable isotopes of hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon. Samples collected from several wells and from different depths in the summer and fall of 2015 establish a baseline upon which changes can be compared. Depth of groundwater is the principle control on geochemistry, with Ca-Mg-HCO3-type waters in the shallow aquifers in the glacial till and Silurian bedrock and a trend toward Na-K-Cl-type waters in the Ordovician strata at depth. The d18O and d2H of the samples are tightly clustered and all lie along a water line with deuterium excess greater that the GMWL. Deeper groundwater has a slight positive shift in δ18O without a corresponding shift in δ2H. In the more-recently developed phase 2 BHE field, samples from wells with warmer groundwater are more depleted in 13C, although this same trend does not hold when considering the accumulated samples form the warmer groundwater in the phase 1 BHE field.