GSA Annual Meeting in Denver, Colorado, USA - 2016

Paper No. 81-2
Presentation Time: 9:00 AM-5:30 PM


MARQUEZ, Eui-jo Danielle1, MALONEY, Jillian2, ROCKWELL, Thomas K.3, DRISCOLL, Neal W.4, RUGG, Scott5 and BABCOCK, Jeff4, (1)San Diego State University, Department of Geological Sciences, 5500 Campanile Dr., San Diego, CA 92181, (2)San Diego State University, Department of Geological Sciences, 5500 Campinale Drive, San Diego, CA 92182, (3)Geological Sciences, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Dr, San Diego, CA 92182, (4)Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, CA 92093, (5)Kleinfelder, San Diego, CA 92101,

The Rose Canyon fault zone (RCFZ) bisects the City of San Diego, the 8th largest city in the U.S., and represents a major seismic hazard to the greater metropolitan area that includes Tijuana and surrounding cities. Onshore studies have shown that the RCFZ is a Holocene-active, predominantly right-lateral, segmented, strike-slip fault zone that is capable of producing a M6.9+ event. However, little information exists on the timing of mid- to late-Holocene earthquakes, although the fault is known to have ruptured in the past few hundred years. Furthermore, rupture patterns between fault segments are not well constrained. To improve seismic hazard assessments of the San Diego region, it is vital to reconstruct the long-term paleoseismic history of the fault zone and to understand the rupture patterns between fault segments.

The Spanish Bight fault segment, which runs through the San Diego International Airport and splays into San Diego Bay, is a critical part of the RCFZ. San Diego Bay is a pull-apart basin created by a step in the RCFZ where subsidence and Holocene sedimentation record the paleoseismic history of the fault zone. Additionally, the Spanish Bight fault potentially records changes in fault character and slip history as the RCFZ approaches this transtensional step-over. We interpreted high-resolution Chirp sub-bottom data that was collected from within San Diego Bay, offshore of the San Diego International Airport. We also extracted data from existing geotechnical reports, including cone penetrometer tests, core logs, and radiocarbon dates collected within the airport. Together, these data were used to generate a detailed active fault map and to resolve a stratigraphic framework between the airport and bay sediments. We compared these data with the paleoseismic records from other onshore fault segments to identify rupture patterns and evidence for past earthquake clustering or triggering.