GSA Annual Meeting in Denver, Colorado, USA - 2016

Paper No. 127-3
Presentation Time: 2:05 PM


ACTON, Gary, Department of Geography and Geology, Sam Houston State University, 1900 Avenue I, Huntsville, TX 77340-2148, EVANS, Helen, International Ocean Discovery Program, Texas A&M University, 1000 Discovery Drive, College Station, TX 77845, OHNEISER, Christian, Department of Geology, University of Otago, Dunedin, P.O. Box 56, New Zealand, RICHTER, Carl, Geology, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, LAFAYETTE, LA 70504, YAMAMOTO, Yuhji, Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University, B200 Monobe, Nankoku, Kochi 783-8502, Japan and YAMAZAKI, Toshi, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8564, Japan,

Sediments from the paleoequatorial Pacific record the paleomagnetic field with high fidelity and contain cyclic variations in chemical and physical properties that can be astronomically tuned. In an effort to fill gaps from past coring and to construct complete stratigraphic sections spanning the Cenozoic, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expeditions 320 and 321 cored sediments along a Pacific Equatorial Age Transect (PEAT). A total of 6,141 m of core was recovered from 23 holes cored at 8 Sites (Sites U1331 through U1338), providing stratigraphic constraints between sites through correlation of lithological, physical, magnetic, and chemical properties. In this study, we focus on using the extensive data set to document and to date a cryptochron (a geomagnetic event with a duration less than about 30 k.y.) that was observed in Chron C18n.1n. The cryptochron was observed at several sites, but was particularly well resolved in the magnetostratigraphy for Site U1333 (10.51655°N, 221.58072°E, 4853 m water depth), which contains a full sequence of Eocene magnetochrons from the base of Chron C20n into Chron 13n. Detailed progressive alternating field (AF) were conducted on discrete samples (7 cm3 cubes), U-channel samples (2 cm x 2 cm x 150 cm), and split-core sections, along with thermal demagnetization of select discrete samples. The cleaned paleomagnetic data were characterized by shallow inclinations, consistent with the sites being near the paleoequator, and by 180° alternations in declination downhole, reflecting magnetic polarity zones. The distinct geomagnetic excursion, referred to as Cryptochron C18n.1n-1, is observed as a full geomagnetic reversal of short duration and a relative paleointensity low. It occurs slightly above the stratigraphic mid-point of Magnetozone C18n.1n and can be well dated within the cyclostratigraphic framework developed for the PEAT sites. Given these attributes, Cryptochron C18n.1n-1 will be a useful new chronostratigraphic marker in the Geomagnetic Polarity Timescale.