COUNTY-WIDE DEBRIS-FLOW SUSCEPTIBILITY MAPPING IN COLORADO: PROGRAM OVERVIEW AND METHODS SUMMARY
A source-area model was developed for the Front Range based on locations of debris flows and scarps mapped by CGS and the USGS after the September 2013 events, and from literature review. The model is divided into two zones: 1) mountains <2,897 m in elev., hogbacks, buttes and mesas, and 2) mountains >2,897 m in elev. Zone 1 sources are identified by slope (≥15° and ≤45°), plan curvature (<-0.5), and flow accumulation (within 10m of flow accumulation ≥999 m2). Zone 2 sources are identified by elevation (≥2,897 m), slope (≥15° and ≤ 45°), plan curvature (<-2), and flow accumulation (within 10m of flow accumulation ≥9,999 m2). Runout and spreading parameters were selected by varying parameters over a series of runout models originating from September 2013 source areas, and comparing the results to post-event aerial imagery. Runouts for both zones are modeled in Flow-R using the modified Holmgren algorithm with dh = 2m, Holmgren’s exponent = 6, and travel angle = 9°; runouts are constrained by velocity limits of 13 m/s in Zone 1 and 45 m/s in Zone 2. Computer-generated sources and runouts are manually revised as necessary based on review of digital terrain data, aerial imagery, existing geologic maps, and limited field observations.
Maps for the first Priority Area (Boulder and Larimer counties) have been published, maps for the second Priority Area (Jefferson, Douglas, and El Paso counties) are in progress, and planning is underway for the remaining Priority Areas. Anticipated challenges moving forward include availability of LiDAR data, and calibration of modeling parameters outside of the Front Range.