SEISMIC AND MAGNETIC SURVEY OF THE CHARITY SHOAL SUSPECTED IMPACT STRUCTURE, EASTERN LAKE ONTARIO, CANADA
Total magnetic intensity (TMI) data reveal a large (>1400 nT) magnetic anomaly centered over the crater basin and a ring-like magnetic high (40-50 nT) corresponding with the bedrock rim. Depth to basement below the structure was estimated at ~600 m using extended Euler deconvolution. Forward 2-D models verify that the observed TMI anomaly requires a deep (>450 m) depression in Precambrian basement or a source body (i.e. diatreme) with a remanent magnetization opposing the main field. Boomer seismic profiles revealed >60 m of stratified glacial/post-glacial sediments overlying Paleozoic limestone bedrock. Four seismostratigraphic units were identified in the Quaternary/Holocene infill sediments and the Paleozoic bedrock surface mapped in seismic data. Apparent offsets in the bedrock reflector indicate the presence of high-angle faulting of the structure rim.
Magnetic and seismic results are not consistent with origins for CSS such as a shallow glacial erosional or karst feature or an early postglacial (Younger Dryas) impact event as proposed in previous work. Modeling and geophysical results are most consistent with an origin as a volcanic structure or a deeply buried (Late Proterozoic-Ordovician?) simple impact crater.