GSA Annual Meeting in Denver, Colorado, USA - 2016

Paper No. 293-9
Presentation Time: 10:35 AM


JAHN, Bor-ming, Department of Geosciences, National Taiwan University, 1, Roosevelt Road, Section 4, Taipei, 106, Taiwan,

The NE Asian Orogenic Belt (NEAOB) is a Mesozoic-Cenozoic accretionary orogenic collage, and it constitutes the northern and most essential part of the “Nipponides” (Sengor & Natal’in, 1996). The tectonic framework of the NAOB was formed in Mesozoic and Cenozoic, and it continues to evolve along the western Pacific arc-trench systems. Generally, an oceanward younging of tectonic units may be discerned, but such a simple pattern is disrupted in many places by extensive strike-slip faulting, most of which is left lateral. In this talk, the issue of crustal evolution in the sector of Sikhote-Alin, Sakhalin and Japanese Islands will be discussed based on the geochemical and isotopic analyses of granitoids that intruded in various tectonostratigraphic terrains.

The majority of granitoids in the NEAOB formed from Jurassic to late Cenozoic, with Cretaceous as the dominant period of felsic magmatism and silicic volcanism. Though remnants of Paleozoic granitoids have been preserved in Japan, most granitic rocks were emplaced in the Mesozoic and Cenozoic times. Cretaceous granitoids are widespread in Sikhote-Alin and Japan, whereas Cenozoic granitoids occur only in Sakhalin and Hokkaido. Cretaceous to Paleogene granitoids from Sikhote-Alin share the same geochemical and Sr-Nd isotopic signatures as those from SW Japan. Likewise, Cenozoic granitoids of Hokkaido and Sakhalin have remarkably similar chemical and isotopic characteristics. Geochemical and isotopic data suggest that the granitoids from the NEAOB were generated by melting of sources with mixed lithologies, including subducted accretionary complexes and probably some hidden older basement rocks. However, Nd isotopic data also suggest that a significant amount of juvenile crust was produced and added to the NEAOB.

Many workers have proposed geological correlations between Sikhote-Alin and Japan, and between Sakhalin and Hokkaido. Our age and geochemical work lends support to the general scenario. However, a significant difference between SW Japan and NE Japan in crustal composition and probably tectonic evolution has to be reckoned. The two geologic entities might have evolved in very different ways.