GSA Annual Meeting in Denver, Colorado, USA - 2016

Paper No. 73-14
Presentation Time: 9:00 AM-5:30 PM


ANDERSON, Lesleigh, U.S. Geological Survey, PO Box 25046, MS980, Denver Federal Center, Denver, CO 80225, BERKELHAMMER, Max, Dept. of Earth and Environmental Science, University of Illinois at Chicago, 845 West Taylor St, SES/MC 186, Chicago, IL 60607, BARRON, John A., U.S. Geological Survey, 345 Middlefield Road, MS 910, Menlo Park, CA 94025, STEINMAN, Byron A., Large Lakes Observatory and Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Minnesota Duluth, 2205 E. 5th Street RLB 205, Duluth, MN 55812, FINNEY, Bruce P., Department of Geosciences, Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID 83209 and ABBOTT, Mark B., Department of Geology & Environmental Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260,

Oxygen isotope ratios (δ18O) of lake water contributes unique paleoclimatic information about the water cycle of terrestrial environments outside Polar Regions. Lake water isotopes, and corresponding sedimentary carbonate records, may reflect changes in effective moisture (precipitation minus evaporation, P-E), lake level (and volume), and surface-groundwater interactions. In unique cases, lake water δ18O most nearly reflect δ18O of precipitation, as ice cores, which is controlled by the temperature of condensation, vapor transport and source history, and in temperate environments with strong seasonal precipitation imbalances, precipitation seasonality. We use a compilation of ~600 lake water δ18O measurements within the greater western North American cordillera, from Alaska to Colorado, to provide a framework for understanding the δ18O relationships between sediment carbonate (endogenic calcite and aragonite), lake water, and precipitation. We identify eight regional groups from the lake water data and determine linear δ18O and δD correlations, or Regional Evaporation Lines (REL), to identify the REL intercept with the Global Meteoric Water Line (GMWL) which varies by latitude, continental position, and elevation similarly with precipitation-δ18O. Within this framework, we evaluate the 18 existing lake carbonate Holocene records and characterize each as an “isometer’ of the climate processes that control precipitation-δ18O, P-E, or a mixture of both. Of the 18 records, 14 are P-E or mixed isometers. Four lake records are precipitation isometers and two span the past 8 ka with decadal to centennial scale resolution. Understanding the sensitivity of lake water to evaporation-driven fractionation effects is critical for correctly assessing the paleoclimate information provided by lake carbonate-δ18O. Our evaluation further elucidates why comparisons of Holocene carbonate-δ18O variations between different lake systems must account for differences in sensitivity resulting from regional climate and extent of hydrologic closure.