REEVALUATION OF MG/CA-TEMPERATURE CALIBRATION IN GLOBIGERINOIDES RUBER: A SEDIMENT TRAP APPROACH
Here we present a paired Mg/Ca and δ18O study in Globigerinoides ruber (sensu lato, 250-350µm) from sediment trap samples from the Hawaii Ocean Time Series. Within the habitat depth range of G. ruber(0-25 m), seasonal temperature and salinity vary by 4 °C and 0.7 practical salinity units, respectively. The relatively small seasonal changes in salinity allow us to isolate and quantify the temperature effect on Mg/Ca using spatially and temporally high-resolved temperature measurements. Our study shows an exponential Mg/Ca-temperature relationship of:
Mg/Ca [mmol/mol] = (0.92 ± 0.35)exp((0.065 ± 0.015)*T[˚C]) (RMSE=0.31).
Multivariate regression incorporating both temperature and salinity does not reveal a significant salinity influence on our data; the temperature sensitivity of the multivariate fit agrees within error with the above (T-only) equation. Our results indicate a temperature sensitivity of 6.5 ± 1.5% Mg/Ca per °C that is in agreement, within error, with the results of a culture-based study that accounts for salinity effect (5), supporting the emerging notion that the temperature influence on Mg/Ca may be lower than the canonical 9% per °C value (1-2).
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