THE UNCONVENTIONAL DRILLER. THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW PARADIGMS IN OIL EXPLORATION IN THE 20TH CENTURY
This research aims to frame and analyze both the overture and the following merging of knowledge and artifacts that found momentum when it was successfully adapted to exploit shale rocks: the so called unconventional deposits of oil & gas. The literature review of not-technical/industry publications from the past thirty years highlights how the unconventional is mostly discussed from political and/or environmental perspectives. There is a substantial lack of historical analysis on the complex and heterogeneous set of technologies that revolutionized the geography of the oil fields, and finally opened the door to new and not easy to predict energy scenarios. The goal is to outline an historical review to explain the emergence of the idea of unconventional resources, to describe the context in which it developed, and to recognize the factors that leaded the oil explorers to develop a new unconventional mindset.