NEW RE-OS AND SM-ND ISOTOPIC CONSTRAINTS ON THE TECTONIC SETTING OF THE 1.4 GA LAURENTIAN MAGMATIC EVENT
Trace element analyses of clinopyroxene permit xenolith samples to be grouped into three groups based on their rare earth element (REE) patterns: refractory, light REE (LREE) enriched samples (Group E); fertile, LREE depleted samples (Group D); and samples with transitional spoon-shaped REE patterns (Group T). Re-Os analyses of Group E and clinopyroxene-absent mantle xenoliths from the NVF diatremes have unradiogenic 187Os/188Os values (0.114 to 0.117) and yield Re depletion ages of 2.1–1.7 Ga, consistent with the age of the overlying Yavapai and Mazatzal crust. However, new Sm-Nd isotope data from clinopyroxene (εNd= -2.6 to 405) show that fertile Group D samples plot on a ca. 1.4 Ga isochron, which likely reflects mantle melt production and isotopic resetting at 1.4 Ga. This suggests that Paleoproterozoic subcontinental lithospheric mantle was involved in the 1.4 Ga magmatic event. Our constraints support a subduction model for the generation of the 1.4 Ga granites, but are inconsistent with rifting and delamination models that require lithosphere removal, or with crustal anatexis models that do not explain mantle resetting or magmatism. This study highlights the central role that subduction has played during the post-Archean growth of Laurentia, and compliments a growing body of literature that propose subduction for generation of the 1.4 Ga magmatic event.