MAPPING AND SECTION ASSESMENT AT THE DALQUEST DESERT RESEARCH STATION, BIG BEND, TEXAS
The mapped section includes the Devils Graveyard Fm. (PEdg), the Terneros Creek Rhyolite (PEtc), a localized intrusive dome, the Solitario Conglomerate (PEsc), the Mitchell Mesa Rhyolite (PEmm), the Tascotal Fm. (PEt), and the Rawls Fm. (PEr). An alluvial pediment covers much of the canyon top, the canyon floors contain a dissected boulder conglomerate and minor alluvium. The PEdg unconformably overlies the Cretaceous, with lower PEdg (168.6 m of variegated muds and tuffs), middle PEdg (104 m of interbedded largely buff and red colored tuffs, muds, channel sands, and conglomerate), and the PEdg, Bandera Mesa member (88.4 m of buff-to-white muds, tuffs, sands, and breccias). This is conformably capped by an incomplete section of the PEmm (45 m of orange welded tuff with lesser brecciated material), faulted out against the PEt. This unit is marked by lacustrine limestone benches with interbedded breccia and muds (67.5 m, but thickness varies laterally). It is conformably overlain by the interbedded tuffs and basalt flows of PEr (incomplete section, 170 m to mesa top). The PEsc is confined to the southeastern portion of the map area, underlying the PEmm.
Near-vertical, oblique-slip faulting dominates the area. The southern wall of the TMF is down-dropped by as much as 300 m, where the PEt accommodates substantial strain through ductile deformation. A 320°-striking fault provides a smaller southwestern downdrop through the central mapped area. The area is marked by smaller imbrications from these faults and associated deformation.
This project confirms and integrates prior work on regional processes. The high-definition map also suggests that that the TMF produced subequal amounts of vertical and horizontal movement, which may constrain current work on this feature.