LOW-TEMPERATURE CRYSTALLIZATION OF QUARTZ IN GRANITIC ROCKS FROM THE TUOLUMNE INTRUSIVE SUITE
Advances in trace-element thermobarometry and diffusion modeling in crustal minerals (e.g., zircon and quartz) have enabled research into the thermal histories recorded in granitic mineral assemblages. In this study we combine Ti-in-quartz thermobarometry, cathodoluminescence (CL) imaging and diffusion modeling of Ti concentration gradients in quartz to investigate the petrogenesis of the Tuolumne Intrusive Suite (TIS) of the Sierra Nevada Batholith. The results indicate that quartz crystallized at temperatures of 474-561 °C, which is several hundred degrees below the canonical granodiorite wet solidus (~690˚C at 2 kbar). This conclusion agrees with feldspar and amphibole chemistry of the TIS and demonstrates that for some granitic systems, the traditional wet solidus is not the low-temperature limit of granitic mineral crystallization.
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