INCLUSIVE EDUCATIONAL METHODS FOR 2YC AND 4YC ENVIRONMENTS
Teacher education literature addresses children with “exceptionalities” (meaning students with a wide range of abilities). Many of the recommended pedagogical practices are well suited for teaching Earth Science concepts at K-12 levels, and are also used to inform and enrich adult education methodologies (andragogical applications) in STEM. I will discuss a sampling of foundational theory and applied techniques from internationally and nationally recognized leaders in Universal Design that I have benefitted from through professional development and continuing education. Colleagues teaching core courses using a range of modalities (such as in-residence, hybrid/blended, and online) that also may include dual credit/concurrent enrollment populations or possibly pre-service K-12 teacher candidates in any given term can realize effective/efficient benefits by implementing similar research-based strategies to make everyone’s “way of doing” more inclusive and more responsive to changing demographics.