A NEW 1:24,000-SCALE BEDROCK GEOLOGIC MAP OF THE MONTREAT 7.5-MINUTE QUADRANGLE, BUNCOMBE, MCDOWELL, AND YANCEY COUNTIES, NC
The Neoproterozoic to Cambrian AMS represent the oldest and structurally lowest rocks in the map area. The AMS is composed of the following complexly deformed, interlayered, and migmatitic lithologies: metagraywacke, conglomeratic and/or schistose metagraywacke, garnet-mica schist, amphibolite, and altered ultramafic bodies. Two sub-parallel horizons of discontinuous, altered mafic/ultramafic bodies are interpreted to represent a ~2 km-scale antiform. These mafic/ultramafic bodies are often associated with schists. The AMS has been metamorphosed to upper amphibolite facies. The kyanite/sillimanite isograd strikes NE-SW across the approximate center of the map with sillimanite to the NW and kyanite to the SE.
The Neoproterozoic to Cambrian ABMS lies structurally above and in fault contact with the AMS and is subdivided into five units: 1) metasandstone; 2) schist; 3) amphibolite; 4) graphitic schist; and 5) a mixed unit consisting of interlayered metasandstone, metawacke, and schist. The ABMS has been metamorphosed to kyanite-grade conditions. The ABMS is distinguished from the AMS by the presence of a basal graphitic schist unit, lower biotite content in sandstones and schists, less migmatitic lithologies, and the presence of a prominent “pin-striped” texture in meta-sandstones.
Compositional layering and schistosity are parallel to one another and complexly folded in both the AMS and ABMS. In the AMS foliations typically strike NE-SW and dip NW/SE while foliations in the ABMS generally strike NE-SW and dip to the SE. Mylonitic foliation is prevalent in outcrops near the AMS-ABMS fault contact and in the SE corner of the map near the Brevard Zone (BZ). Mylonitic foliation for both the AMS and ABMS generally strikes to the NE and dips to the SE. Fold hinges and mineral lineations are subhorizontal to gently plunging and trend mostly NE-SW. Fracture data indicate a prominent steeply-dipping fracture set with azimuth 110°-290°.