THE EFFECT OF HYDROCARBON EXPLORATION ON THE ECOSYSTEM: THE NIGERIA NIGER-DELTA CASE STUDY
Oil pollution is caused by ageing facilities, activities of militant groups and oil vandals (saboteurs), tanker accidents and operational mishap. Nigeria flares 75% of the gas it produces from over 123 gas flaring sites, making it the highest emitter of greenhouse gas (GHG) in Africa and a major contributor to the global warming crises.
A devastated ecosystem/destruction of vegetation, an affected agricultural land, food insecurity, destruction of settlements, health-related issues, acid rain, climate change, e.t.c. are some of the effects of hydrocarbon exploration and production.
The effects of the activities of the multinational oil industries (and the environmental impact) on the area were examined by using the acquired data to analyse the situation, draw a logical deduction, conclusion, and making a sequential presentation of facts on the existing problems.
Solutions to the destruction that has taken place in the area which is a contribution to the restoration of the Niger-Delta ecosystem were proffered.