CRYSTAL SIZE DISTRIBUTION OF OLIVINE IN THE BLACK STURGEON SILL, ONTARIO
Cluster analysis of the slope-intercept data reveals four well-defined textural groups, which could correspond to distinct populations of olivine. These groups are typically found in separate parts of the olivine zone, although some overlap exists. Group 1 is characterized by low slope and intercept values, while Groups 2 and 3 have progressively higher values. Group 4 anomalously has similar intercepts to Group 2, but lower slopes. Although we have not found any consistent variation within groups, the breaks between the populations coincide with major whole-rock compositional changes. We interpret these populations as evidence of the episodic emplacement of the Black Sturgeon sill.
CSDs have proved an effective complement to other methods of textural and compositional analysis in identifying discrete magma pulses in this sill. Comparable methods could be useful in studies of other olivine-rich intrusions. The episodic nature of magma emplacement in the Black Sturgeon sill also raises the possibility that other layered mafic intrusions formed by a similar process.