Northeastern Section - 53rd Annual Meeting - 2018

Paper No. 51-6
Presentation Time: 9:45 AM


RATCLIFFE, N.M., USGS retired, Box 189, Waterford, VA 20197, DIETSCH, Craig, Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0013, MERGUERIAN, Charles, Duke Labs, 55Spongia Rd, Stone Ridge,NY, 12484-5510, WALSH, G.J., USGS, 87 State St., Montpelier, VT 05602 and MICHEL, Andrew, Geology Department, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0013

Neoproterozoic to Cambrian Laurentian-margin rift- to drift- sequence rocks such as the Hoosac and Pinney Hollow Formations, and Taconic allochthons contain metabasalts indicative of continental rifting. Abundant arc volcanics and ultramafic slivers in the Rowe Schist (RS) and Moretown Formation (MF) from Vermont to New York are considered to generally mark the western limit of the Taconian accretionary wedge emplaced upon the Laurentian margin along a series of thrust faults. In Connecticut, the RS marks the base of the accreted margin and the Hoosac is equated with the parautochthonous Manhattan Formation. In this scenario, metabasalts of the Manhattan should match rift volcanics in the Hoosac and differ from arc and ocean floor rocks in western Connecticut east of Cameron’s Line (CL). We compare the geochemistry of volcanic rocks of the autochthonous Hoosac and the Taconic allochthons (TA) with volcanic rocks in Manhattan Schist and volcanics of the accretionary wedge east of CL and in Vermont. The Hoosac Formation in Vermont and Massachusetts rests nonconformably on Laurentian crust and contains metabasalts of the rifted margin. Two groups in the Hoosac are evident: (A): high TiO2, low MgO, and La 80 times chondrite, and (B): lower TiO2, higher MgO, and La 8 to 30 times chondrite. Group A occurs near the base of the Hoosac. Group B becomes more MORB-like at higher stratigraphic levels. Group A closely resembles metabasalts of the TA and dikes within the Mount Holly Complex. Group B is comparable to metabasalts of the Pinney Hollow and Ottauquechee and Rowe at their type localities. Mafic and felsic igneous rocks of North River Igneous Suite (502 to 483 Ma) in the Moretown Formation of southern Vermont are early arc composed of metatrondhjemite, metadacite, and andesitic metabasalts typical of the accreted Taconian margin. We find that Manhattan metabasalts have similar REE and trace element characteristics as the Hoosac A and B groups, but that rocks east of CL in Connecticut are more uniformly oceanic. These data suggest that the accreted margin contains both peri-Laurentian and Iapetan components and only approximates a suture. Stanley and Ratcliffe (1985) called this a cryptic suture, because of tectonic intercalation of continent derived metasediments and arc- ocean floor components during collision.