Southeastern Section - 67th Annual Meeting - 2018

Paper No. 29-13
Presentation Time: 8:00 AM-12:00 PM


O'NEILL, Lainey N.1, VYVERBERG, Karen L.1, DUTTON, Andrea1 and EBERLI, Gregor P.2, (1)Geological Sciences, University of Florida, PO Box 112120, Gainesville, FL 32611, (2)Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33149

One means of placing empirical constraints on the projected rates and magnitude of future sea-level rise is to draw upon evidence of ice sheet dynamics and sea-level rise during past episodes of warming. During the Last Interglacial period, global mean temperature was similar to the present and the poles were a few degrees warmer, making it an interesting time period to examine in this context. Here, we revisit some of the Last Interglacial shallow marine fossil reef sequences exposed in the Florida Keys to better constrain the evolution of sea level during the sea level highstand as a means of shedding light on the potential for rapid, dynamic changes in polar ice sheet mass during this past warm period. Previous studies in this region have focused on assessing the peak sea level position and dating fossil corals, most of which appear to have experienced open-system behavior of U and Th isotopes during diagenesis. To further constrain the local history of sea-level, we are examining the carbonate sedimentology, diagenesis, and geochemistry of several drill cores in collected in the upper Keys. We have drilled several new cores at three localities (Key Largo, Lignumvitae Key, and Windley Key) and are using additional cores previously collected from Lignumviate and Windley Keys. We are developing detailed core logs of the six new cores, and are conducting a combination of X-ray diffraction, stable isotope, and thin section analyses to assess preservation and diagenetic features before conducting additional U-series dating of some of the fossil corals. Several of these cores exhibit abrupt transitions in preservation and/or facies, and contain well-developed exposure horizons. Future efforts will focus on ascertaining episodes of subaerial exposure and dating the timing of these transitions.