GEOCHRONOLOGY OF THE ELK HILL COMPLEX AND LAKESIDE FAULT ZONE, CENTRAL VIRGINIA PIEDMONT
Migmatitic EHC paragneiss contains zircons of two morphologies that yield different SHRIMP U-Pb zircon ages: cores of rounded grains yield Grenvillian ages of 1000-1200 Ma (n=25); elongate pyramidal grains (aspect ratios up to 8:1) are 442±7 Ma (n=9) and interpreted to reflect time of migmatization; narrow outer rims (n=3) on these elongate grains are ~329 Ma. Carboniferous ages agree with 40Ar/39Ar amphibole ages of ~305 Ma from EHC ~12 km to the SW, and published ages of ~330 Ma intrusive rocks of the EHC along the James River ~35 km to the SW. Ordovician ages correspond to intrusion of the Ellisville (444-437 Ma) granodiorite and similar granitoids in the CT and EHC, but are distinctly older than 40Ar/39Ar data from muscovite and amphibole (~300 Ma) in the CT east of the Chopawamsic fault.
A narrow (<100 m) belt of fine-grained muscovite-biotite phyllonite marks the trace of the LFZ. Phyllonite preserves dextral S-C (S2a) fabric overgrown by randomly oriented porphyroblastic muscovite, and intruded by weakly to undeformed muscovite-quartz-K-spar pegmatite. One pegmatite concordant to S2a foliation yielded a muscovite plateau age of ~295 Ma.
These data suggest that the CT and EHC were juxtaposed by early Alleghanian high-grade deformation (~330 Ma) and that dextral greenschist-facies phyllonitic reactivation occurred ~30 m.y. later, concurrent with significant uplift and rapid cooling through amphibole and muscovite closure.