Southeastern Section - 67th Annual Meeting - 2018

Paper No. 26-1
Presentation Time: 8:00 AM-12:00 PM


SPEETJENS GILLEY, Sara Elizabeth1, ZOU, Haibo1 and FAN, Qi-Cheng2, (1)Department of Geosciences, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, (2)Institute of Geology, Chinese Earthquake Administration, Beijing, 100029, China

The Ashi Volcano is a member of the Ashikule Volcanic Field (AVF) and is located on the northwestern margin of the Tibetan Plateau. The Ashi Volcano draws much attention from volcanologists due to its recent eruptions in a high plateau (the last eruption occurred in 1951), in spite of its moderate size with a cone height of 110 meters. The composition of the Ashi volcanic rocks is trachyandesite.

The role of open-system processes, such as magma assimilation, is controvertial for the evolution of the Ashi Volcano. Previous studies in support of open-system processes were based on the presence of plagioclase compositional reverse zoning, whereas previous arguments againgst open-system processes were derived from the absence of any correlations between whole-rock Sr isotopic compositions and SiO2. However, compositional zoning of plagioclase may be derived by other factors, such as temperature, pressure and water contents. And whole-rock Sr isotopic compositions may not have the sensitivity to detect open-system processes. Here we use single-grain Sr isotopic compositions in plagioclase to evaluate the role of open-system processes in the magma evolution of the Ashi Volcano. Unlike plagioclase compositional zoning, single-grain plagioclase Sr isotopic compositions are not affected by temperature, pressure, or water content. Compared with whole-rock Sr isotope compositions, single-grain Sr isotopic compositions are more sensitive to open-system processes.

Single-grain plagioclases and whole-rock samples of Ashi volcano have been analyzed for their Sr isotopic compositions by a thermal ionization mass spectrometer at Auburn University. About 50% of the plagioclase grains have Sr isotopic compositions similar to whole-rock Sr isotopic compositions. The other 50% of the plagioclase grains have 87Sr/86Sr ratios (up to 0.7139) significantly higher than the whole-rock 87Sr/86Sr ratios (0.7101-0.7102), indicating assimilation of the Ashi magmas by crustal materials with more radiogenic Sr. Such materials with more radiogenic Sr do not represent recharge of mantle-derived magmas, because mantle-derived magmas have 87Sr/86Sr ratios lower than the whole-rock ratios of 0.7101-0.7102.