RECONSTRUCTING THE DROWNED RAMP DURING EARLY TO MIDDLE ORDOVICIAN IN THE YANGTZE REGION, SOUTH CHINA: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE GREAT ORDOVICIAN BIODIVERSIFICATION EVENT (GOBE)
Thus six research sections have been selected, including Daoba, Xiangshuidong, Daling, Gudongkou and Nanba sections, and they can be correlated with each other based on the biostratigraphical framework.The mixed siliciclastic and carbonate deposits of the Meitan, the Dawan and the Zitai formations are widely distributed in the Yangtze Platform after drowning. More specifically, in this research, four siliciclastic lithofacies and fifteen carbonate lithofacies are identified. The results show that the morphology of ramp after drowning are high in northwest and low in southeast, dipping downward from north to south, with the terrigenous sediments coming from western platform, being controlled by eustatic sea-level and tectonic movements. The brachiopods, moreover, attains its first diversity peak in South China or even around the world during Ordovician, and this diversity peak comprises three onshore migrations, which is probably facilitated by a series of new niches provided by the gentle morphology of ramp. Since the brachiopods occupied the shallow-water environment, the Whiterock fauna (trilobites) migrated toward deep water, have been suggested as avoiding the competitions with brachiopods, and gradually replaces the Ibex fauna (trilobites) in the process of migration. Thus the episodic radiations of organisms in South China are more or less controlled by the paleoenvironmental background.