GSA Annual Meeting in Phoenix, Arizona, USA - 2019

Paper No. 176-6
Presentation Time: 9:20 AM


MCBRIDE, John, Department of Geological Sciences, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, KEACH II, R.W., Dept. of Geological Sciences, Brigham Young University, P. O. Box 24606, Provo, UT 84602 and LEETARU, Hannes E., Illinois State Geological Survey, 615 E. Peabody Drive, Champaign, IL 61820

Characterization of Precambrian basement tectonics using 3D seismic data is critical for fully constraining the geology of a carbon capture and storage (CCS) site. Our study applies state-of-the-art visualization and attribute analysis to a 3D seismic volume of the basement complex that underlies the Illinois Basin-Decatur Project CCS site. The most successful interpretative techniques used include geo-body analysis, X-directed (east-west, cross-line) amplitude change, and co-rendering (e.g., amplitude with semblance), integrated with gradient analysis. The 3D volume reveals a strong reflector deep within the basement complex that is interpreted to be a mafic sill, disrupted by a coherent pattern of structural discontinuities. The discontinuities, which have a mutually orthogonal northwest-northeast trend, could have formed as part of the intrusion process, as post-emplacement tectonic faults, or a combination of both. Our preferred interpretation is that discontinuities are small faults with varying senses of offset. The most prominent of these is a narrow, well-defined northwest-striking crest or flexure in the igneous sill reflector. Injection-induced microseismicity describes a conspicuous pattern of northeast-trending clusters of events, some of which nucleated in the uppermost part of basement, directly over this crest. This distribution of seismic events is proposed to be controlled, in part, by fracture zones related to the crest and associated discontinuities in the mafic sill. These fractures would be oriented in directions to be critically stressed, resulting in microseismicity following pore pressure increases.