MODELING THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON HYDROLOGY AND STREAM TEMPERATURE IN THE SOUTH FORK OF THE STILLAGUAMISH RIVER
We establish the spatial characteristics of the South Fork basin at a 50 m grid resolution and apply historical meteorological gridded surface data developed by Linveh et al. (2013) to calibrate the DHSVM to streamflow from a Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) stream gauge. Field work was conducted in the summer and fall of 2018 to determine stream morphology, discharge, and temperature at ten stream sites throughout the basin. Data collected from field work were used in the calibration of the RBM to stream temperature data from the Ecology stream gauge. We used the calibrated models to simulate the effects of climate warming into the 21st century using gridded downscaled data from ten global climate models of the CMIP5 with RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 forcing scenarios developed using the multivariate adaptive constructed analogs method (Abatzoglou and Brown, 2013). Forecast modeling indicates that the South Fork watershed will transition from a snow- to a rain-dominated basin into the 21st century resulting in a reduced snowpack and higher winter streamflows. Stream temperatures are projected to rise into the 21st century as a result of higher air temperatures, declining spring snowmelt, and lower summer streamflows.