GSA Annual Meeting in Phoenix, Arizona, USA - 2019

Paper No. 300-9
Presentation Time: 3:45 PM


JUN, Young-Shin, ZHANG, Lijie and MIN, Yujia, Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering, Washington University, 1 Brookings Dr. Campus Box 1180, St. Louis, MO 63130-4899

A deeper understanding of the impacts of brine chemistries on brine−mineral interactions is the foundation of safer and more efficient scCO2-related engineered subsurface operations. Here, using biotite as a model phyllosilicate, we investigated the effects of various subsurface-abundant inorganic (potassium, sodium, sulfate, and phosphate) and organic ligands (acetate, oxalate, and phosphonate) on dissolution and precipitation of minerals and assessed their impacts on mineral surface wettability. We conducted these experiments under conditions relevant to geologic CO2 sequestration and supercritical CO2-enhanced energy recovery/storage processes (e.g., 95 °C and 102 atm of CO2). The different ligands influenced biotite dissolution distinctively through surface complexation and/or aqueous complexation: For example, while sulfate, acetate, and oxalate did not promote secondary mineral formation, phosphate and phosphonates significantly promoted secondary precipitation of Fe- and Al-bearing minerals. These dissolution of phyllosilicate minerals and precipitation of secondary mineral phases can affect the pore geometry, surface chemical affinity, and permeability. In addition, we found that the surface wettability of minerals can also affected by the types and concentrations of ligands in the subsurface systems. This study provides new insights into the effects of brine chemistries on brine−mineral interactions, pertinent to more efficient and safer geologic CO2 sequestration and supercritical CO2-enabld energy recovery/storage processes.