MARINE GEOHERITAGE OF AFRICA
In the oceans around Africa, eight Large Marine Ecosystems have been identified, primarily recognized for their biological productivity but also delineated based on bathymetry. Within these regions, numerous smaller marine protected areas have been created. While marine sites are underrepresented in global natural conservation designations, the intrinsic, interesting geologic nature of the marine realm can also serve as a motivating force for conservation. The goal of this study is to highlight and discuss especially notable marine geological areas whose geoheritage may warrant further study and protection, at the same time piloting an approach to be replicated in other regions of the world.
Some of Africa's most significant marine geoheritage areas include the Afar triple juncture, the Nile and Niger deltas, the Mozambican Channel, Agulhas Bank, the Congo Canyon and the extension of the Cameroon volcanic line to San Tome and Principe. The state of knowledge of these areas and other areas is discussed as well as potential impacts from human or natural processes. In addition, conservation and awareness-raising strategies are explored.