DIAGENETIC FACIES AND THEIR MICROSCOPIC CHARACTERISTICS IN UPPER TRIASSIC YANCHANG FORMATION CHANG 6 MEMBER, ORDOS BASIN, CHINA
The sedimentary sub-facies are delta front with microfacies of subaqueous distributary channels, estuary dams, and diversion bays. The lithology is feldspathic sandstone with main cement of carbonate minerals and matrix of clay minerals. The reservoir is a typical low to extra low porosity (8.58% in average) and extra to super low permeability (0.33×10-3μm2 in average) reservoir. It contains a series of complex diagenetic processes. ① The compaction destroys the physical properties, resulting in a decrease in porosity of 20.14%; ② The cementation includes chlorite, illite, carbonate, and siliceous cementation, resulting in a decrease in porosity of 9.88%; ③The dissolution improved the reservoir properties, resulting in an increase in porosity of 2.84%. The main pore types are intergranular pores and dissolved pores; whereas the main throat types are flaky, curved and bundled. Five types of diagenetic facies are classified: ① chlorite cemented intergranular pore, ② feldspar dissolution, ③ illite cemented pores-intergranular pore, ④ siliceous cemented pores-intergranular pore, and ⑤ carbonate cements the dense. The chlorite cemented intergranular pore facies have the best physical properties with large pore throat radius, good pore throat sorting and connectivity, high movable fluid saturation.