ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY IMAGING (ERI) BENEATH SINKHOLES AND SUSPECT SINKS: IMPLICATIONS FOR KARST RISK ASSESSMENT IN CLARK COUNTY, OHIO
The 3 field verified sinks are ~1 m wide and dm's deep. In the 2 ERI surveys conducted (78 m & 50 m long, both 12 m depth), bedrock (resistivities, ρ's, of ~700-3300 Ωm) is readily differentiated from overlying sediment (ρ's of ~20-300 Ωm). The sinks occur in a dry drainage controlled by bedrock topography. No anomalies indicative of bedrock collapse are present beneath the sinks, suggesting that they formed by subsurface erosion and collapse of sediment associated with solution-enlarged fractures, similar to those apparent in outcrops. The 3 suspect sinks are ~10 m wide and ~1 m deep. The 2 ERI surveys conducted (each 81 m long, 17 m depth) imaged discontinuous gravel lenses (ρ's of 200-500 Ωm) and sand, silt, & clay (ρ's of 10-100 Ωm), but did not intercept bedrock, consistent with nearby well logs. The depressions likely are not sinkholes, but rather cultural features, as this site appears disrupted on historical aerial imagery.
This study shows that ERI is an effective tool for evaluating depressions when used with well logs and surface examination. Results suggest that the karst risk associated with collapse sinkholes in the area may be minimal and that other suspect depressions may not be sinks and warrant further evaluation.