GSA Annual Meeting in Phoenix, Arizona, USA - 2019

Paper No. 109-24
Presentation Time: 9:00 AM-6:30 PM


BISGAARD, Sarah Grace, Earth Sciences and Astronomy, Mt. San Antonio College, Walnut, CA 91789 and MROFKA, David D., Department of Earth Sciences and Astronomy, Mt. San Antonio College, Walnut, CA 91789

The Santa Cruz Island Volcanics has been mapped as underlying the Monterey formation on much of eastern Santa Cruz Island, but recent studies conducted by Brelle, et. al. (2018) have documented a m-scale greywacke unit between the Santa Cruz Island Volcanics (SCIV) and the Monterey Formation. Recent field studies by the authors have documented the greywacke unit infilling Dm-scale erosional topography in the underlying SCIV. In addition, another previously unmapped clastic unit appears to overlie the Monterey Formation locally. Brelle et. al. (2019) tentatively interpreted the SCIV-greywacke transition as a shift from subaerial lava flows to fluvial deposits. The overlying Monterey Formation records a significant sea level rise, making the underlying erosional contact and greywacke unit important for determining the timing of uplift, clastic input and sea level change along the southwestern edge of North America during the beginning of the deposition of the Monterey Formation. The transition from terrestrial lava flows (SCIV) to the deep marine Monterey Formation diatomites should represent a significant sea level rise but the erosional contact below the newly mapped greywacke unit indicates a period of uplift and erosion prior to deposition of the Monterey Formation. Ongoing high-resolution geologic mapping of canyons on Santa Cruz Island may help answer several questions: 1) was the Monterey Formation deposited in deep marine basins or in broad marine depressions containing low grade slopes and 2) what was timing, tectonic history and depositional history between the SCIV and the Monterey Formation.